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POSIT aims to segment and tag mixed-text that contains English and C-like code, such that the user both knows what a token is, and within the language it's used in, what role, such as an AST tag or PoS tag, it serves.



POSIT's Network Architecture]

Software developers use a mix of source code and natural language text to communicate with each other: Stack Overflow and Developer mailing lists abound with this mixed text. Tagging this mixed text is essential for making progress on two seminal software engineering problems — traceability, and reuse via precise extraction of code snippets from mixed text. In this paper, we borrow code-switching techniques from Natural Language Processing and adapt them to apply to mixed text to solve two problems: language identification and token tagging. Our technique, POSIT, simultaneously provides abstract syntax tree tags for source code tokens, part-of-speech tags for natural language words, and predicts the source language of a token in mixed text. To realize POSIT, we trained a biLSTM network with a Conditional Random Field output layer using abstract syntax tree tags from the CLANG compiler and part-of-speech tags from the Standard Stanford part-of-speech tagger. POSIT improves the state-of-the-art on language identification by 10.6% and PoS/AST tagging by 23.7% in accuracy.

Slides are available here.

The pre-recorded video from ICSE2020 is available below:


This work was done under the supervision of Earl T. Barr and in collaboration with Santanu K. Dash, and Christoph Treude.